The Dow Jones Industrial Average, Dow Jones Transportation Average and Dow Jones Utility Average are each made up of a select group of prominent stocks. Roll them all together and you have the Dow Jones Composite Average—a blue-chip microcosm of the U.S. stock market. The idea of doing so didn't occur to the editors of The Wall Street Journal until the middle of the Great Depression, five years after they created the Dow Jones Utility Average. The 65-stock index was first published on January 2, 1934.

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